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What is Neuro-Ophthalmology?
It is a branch of science dealing with common diseases of the eye and nervous system. The visual pathways from the optic nerve to the visual cortex where vision is seen and the diseases in the cerebral cortex are the subject of neuro ophthalmology. It is also interested in the smooth movement of the eyes.
What are the Problems of Neuro-ophthalmology?
Sudden loss of vision,
Slow progressive vision loss,
Temporary vision loss,
Color vision disorders,
A region that cannot be seen in the visual field,
Double vision,
Tethered eye disease,
Migraine and similar eye pain,
Size differences of pupils,
Ocular complaints related to multiple sclerosis (MS),
Eye complaints related to myasthenia gravis,
Eye complaints related to strokes,
Facial paralysis and convulsions.
What are the symptoms and the reasons that may be important?
Come and see a temporary loss of vision:
In a single or double eye that lasts for seconds or minutes, visual loss in the form of a drop in the face, blackening or mottling may be a sign of temporary constriction or obstruction in one of the vessels leading to the eye or brain center of vision. The eye and heart doctor must see immediately. It may be due to problems in the heart valves of young people, advanced blood vessels in the neck or heart vessels. Failure to cure may lead to complete obstruction in the vessel and thus permanent loss of vision. Temporary visual loss may be due to migraine.
Sudden vision loss:
There may be constriction or obstruction in one of the vessels leading to the eye or to the brain's visual center. The ophthalmologist should see it within a few hours. Sometimes it may be due to diseases that cause conduction disorders in the nerves, not the vessels. As the patient cannot know the cause of his / her illness, it is necessary to examine the ophthalmologist immediately if there is a sudden loss of vision in one eye or in two eyes.
Slow progressive vision loss:
Slowly progressive loss of vision due to intraocular causes such as cataract, glaucoma, yellow spot disease may rarely be due to a life-threatening cause of stress in the brain. The ophthalmologist should be consulted and the cause must be found without neglect.
Double vision:
If there is an unbalanced study in the muscles that move the eyes due to a problem in the nerves or muscles running the muscles, the eyes cannot be in parallel with each other, and when both eyes send different messages to the brain, there is a double vision. As soon as you are examined by an ophthalmologist, you need to understand what the cause is. If the problems in the nerves are caused by the brain, neurological diseases should be investigated and treated. If vascular origin, the condition in the brain and the causes in the heart should be examined and treated. Treatment should be planned in conjunction with the neurosurgeon, if there is a problem with other muscles in the body, and with endocrine doctors if there is a problem in the eye muscles due to hormone diseases.
Eyelid opening or falling:
If there is an unbalanced study of the muscles moving the eyes due to a problem with the nerves or muscles running the eyelids, there may be a fall or opening in one or both of the eyelids. While it is more common in goiter disease, it may be due to falling muscle diseases or enlargement of the brain vessels. Since enlargement of the cerebral vessels is a life threatening condition, it should be urgently consulted to the physician, especially if there is a fall in one of the caps and especially in the case of a pupil.
Inequality in pupils:
The difference between the size of the pupils is actually a natural condition. However, when this difference is large, or when the difference in light or dark conditions is opened, it may also indicate a major problem with the neck or brain vessels or a significant lung disease. Using the ophthalmologist may be life-saving.
Percent contractions:
The contractions that may occur in either eye or half of the face may be due to an old facial palsy, or may be due to the occasional pressure of a thickened vessel in the brain to the nerve. Sometimes, it is possible to treat these disorders which do not have a significant reason but cause problems in social life.
Accident and blows:
The muscles or nerves of the eyelids, the eye muscles themselves or nerves can cause injury to the eye nerve. Early diagnosis and treatment can only be performed by the eye doctor.